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Imagine if your name was Jack from the town of Philadelphia…that would be quite a name. Well actually quite a lot; he was a brilliant artist, sculptor, draftsman, inventor, scientist, mathematician, engineer, costume maker, writer and musician and he was also very interested in the laws of science and nature, which greatly influenced his work.

He is without a doubt known as one of the greatest painters of all time, and quite possibly the most talented person that has ever lived. He was the child of a respected notary, who is a person who can do all sorts of legal things, and a young peasant woman, but he was raised by his single father and stepmothers. At 14 he learnt and worked for an artist Verrocchio, where he learnt loads of technical skills, including metalworking, leather arts, carpentry, drawing and sculpting.

By age 20, he had qualified as a master artist in the Guild of Saint Luke, which was like a prestigious association that was for painters and artists, and now had his very own workshop. Leonardo was one of the first Italians to use oil paint.

Walter Isaacson on the "accessible genius" of Leonardo da Vinci

He was left-handed and used a mirror to write backwards because a quill pen was easier to pull from right to left than actually push it. It also made it harder for others to dig through his notes and steal his ideas. Apparently he wore pink to make his complexion look fresh. Maybe you should try wearing pink and see if it helps. He loved animals and was a vegetarian throughout his life. He also liked to buy caged birds so that he could set them free.

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci

He hated war, but besides this he worked as a military engineer to invent advanced and deadly weapons, drawing plans for the first armored car in He also invented the bicycle years before it appeared on the road and created an inflatable tube so people could float on water. Ah, no now we know who to thank for that awesome creation that is heaps of fun.

His remarks and inventions were recorded in 13, pages of notes and drawings, including designs for the first parachute, first helicopter, first airplane, first tank, and first repeating rifle, swinging bridge, paddleboat and first motorcar. He was very interested in flight. He spent a lot of time studying the flight of birds, showing his ideas in great detail.

He was very interested in the human body was apparently trying to find where the soul was.

He attempted to identify the source of 'emotions' and their expression. He found it difficult to incorporate the prevailing system and theories of bodily humours , but eventually he abandoned these physiological explanations of bodily functions. He made the observations that humours were not located in cerebral spaces or ventricles. He documented that the humours were not contained in the heart or the liver, and that it was the heart that defined the circulatory system.

He was the first to define atherosclerosis and liver cirrhosis. He created models of the cerebral ventricles with the use of melted wax and constructed a glass aorta to observe the circulation of blood through the aortic valve by using water and grass seed to watch flow patterns. Vesalius published his work on anatomy and physiology in De humani corporis fabrica in During his lifetime, Leonardo was valued as an engineer. In a letter to Ludovico il Moro , he wrote that he could create all sorts of machines both for the protection of a city and for siege. When he fled to Venice in , he found employment as an engineer and devised a system of moveable barricades to protect the city from attack.

They include musical instruments , a mechanical knight , hydraulic pumps, reversible crank mechanisms, finned mortar shells, and a steam cannon. The bridge was intended to span the Golden Horn inlet at the mouth of the Bosporus strait. The enormous bridge design utilized a voussoir -style arch , though Leonardo was unable to provide instructions on how to build it; [] consequently, Beyazid did not pursue the project. Leonardo's vision was resurrected in when a smaller bridge based on his design, but built of wood, was opened in Norway.

Leonardo was fascinated by the phenomenon of flight for much of his life, producing many studies, including Codex on the Flight of Birds c. Leonardo's fame within his own lifetime was such that the King of France carried him away like a trophy, and was claimed to have supported him in his old age and held him in his arms as he died. Interest in Leonardo and his work has never diminished. Crowds still queue to see his best-known artworks, T-shirts still bear his most famous drawing, and writers continue to hail him as a genius while speculating about his private life, as well as about what one so intelligent actually believed in.

Giorgio Vasari , in the enlarged edition of Lives of the Artists [] introduced his chapter on Leonardo with the following words:. In the normal course of events many men and women are born with remarkable talents; but occasionally, in a way that transcends nature, a single person is marvellously endowed by Heaven with beauty, grace and talent in such abundance that he leaves other men far behind, all his actions seem inspired and indeed everything he does clearly comes from God rather than from human skill.

Everyone acknowledged that this was true of Leonardo da Vinci, an artist of outstanding physical beauty, who displayed infinite grace in everything that he did and who cultivated his genius so brilliantly that all problems he studied he solved with ease.

Early period: Florence

The continued admiration that Leonardo commanded from painters, critics and historians is reflected in many other written tributes. Another of the greatest painters in this world looks down on this art in which he is unequalled The 19th century brought a particular admiration for Leonardo's genius, causing Henry Fuseli to write in "Such was the dawn of modern art, when Leonardo da Vinci broke forth with a splendour that distanced former excellence: made up of all the elements that constitute the essence of genius Rio who wrote in "He towered above all other artists through the strength and the nobility of his talents.

By the 19th century, the scope of Leonardo's notebooks was known, as well as his paintings. Hippolyte Taine wrote in "There may not be in the world an example of another genius so universal, so incapable of fulfilment, so full of yearning for the infinite, so naturally refined, so far ahead of his own century and the following centuries.

reasearch paper - Leonardo da vinci

Whether it be the cross section of a skull, the structure of a weed, or a study of muscles, he, with his feeling for line and for light and shade, forever transmuted it into life-communicating values. The interest in Leonardo's genius has continued unabated; experts study and translate his writings, analyse his paintings using scientific techniques, argue over attributions and search for works which have been recorded but never found. Leonardo can be considered, quite rightly, to have been the universal genius par excellence, and with all the disquieting overtones inherent in that term.

Man is as uncomfortable today, faced with a genius, as he was in the 16th century. Five centuries have passed, yet we still view Leonardo with awe. Twenty-first-century author Walter Isaacson based much of his biography of Leonardo [] on thousands of notebook entries, studying the personal notes, sketches, budget notations, and musings of the man whom he considers the greatest of innovators.

Isaacson was surprised to discover a "fun, joyous" side of Leonardo in addition to his limitless curiosity and creative genius. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Da Vinci disambiguation and Leonardo da Vinci disambiguation. In this Renaissance Florentine name , the name da Vinci is an indicator of birthplace, not a family name ; the person is properly referred to by the given name , Leonardo.

Portrait attributed to Francesco Melzi [1]. Lionardo di ser Piero da Vinci [2]. Vinci , Republic of Florence present-day Italy. Amboise , Kingdom of France. See also: List of works by Leonardo da Vinci. Main article: Personal life of Leonardo da Vinci. Main article: Science and inventions of Leonardo da Vinci. Main article: Cultural references to Leonardo da Vinci.

This number is made up principally of paintings on panel but includes a mural, a large drawing on paper, and two works which are in the early stages of preparation. There are a number of other works that have also been variously attributed to him. When she died in , the list of funeral expenditures suggests that she was his mother. According to art critic Alessandro Vezzosi , head of the Leonardo Museum in Vinci, there is evidence that Piero owned a slave called Caterina.

The claim is refuted by Simon Cole, associate professor of criminology, law and society at the University of California at Irvine: "You can't predict one person's race from these kinds of incidences, especially if looking at only one finger". More recently, historian Martin Kemp , after digging through overlooked archives and records in Italy, found evidence that Leonardo's mother was a young local woman identified as Caterina di Meo Lippi. The entire composition of Michelangelo's painting is known from a copy by Aristotole da Sangallo, He thinks of the end before the beginning!

Leonardo Da Vinci and Mona Lisa

A conjectural recreation of the lion has been made and is on display in the Museum of Bologna. Messer Lunardo Vinci [ sic ] This has been taken as evidence that King Francis cannot have been present at Leonardo's deathbed, but the edict was not signed by the king.

In this painting Mary's attitude does not comply with any of the accepted traditions. The two main sections were found in a junk shop and cobbler's shop and were reunited. The opinion that he had not seen the painting is based mainly on the fact that he describes the Mona Lisa as having eyebrows. Daniel Arasse in Leonardo da Vinci discusses the possibility that Leonardo may have painted the figure with eyebrows that were subsequently removed.

Who was Leonardo da Vinci and what can we learn from him?

They were not fashionable in the midth century. It is a feature of many Classical Greek statues. Oxford University Press. Longman Pronunciation Dictionary 3rd ed. Pearson Longman. Art through the Ages.